Mount Wuyi is the kingdom for oolong tea. Wuyi Rock tea, also called Yancha, is divided into five categories: Dahong Pao, Mingcong, Rougui, Shuixian and Qizhong. Each of these has its own unique characteristics. Rougui was the first tea variety from the Wuyi region to receive popular acclaim in the last few hundred years . Rougui, together with Shuixian, are the primary varieties of Wuyi Yancha. The Rougui shrub has a medium size leaf and sprouts later in the season than most teas. It is characterized by heavy, tightly twisted tea strips, black and sand green in color, with a unique nose that carries both the floral brightness of the Chinese Sacred Lily and the warmth of cinnamon in the characteristic Wuyi oolong toasted grain/cereal aroma.
Wuyi Rock Oolong is some of the purest tea available on world markets. This rare oolong tea hails from Mount Wuyi in Nanping Prefecture, Fujian Province, up along the border of Jiangxi Province, in what is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In 1999, UNESCO listed the mountain as a World Heritage Site in part owing to its outstanding biodiversity. According to the UN, Mount Wuyi Is one of the World's finest, intact, subtropical forests. Further complimenting the region's reputation, Mount Wuyi is registered with the Chinese Government as a biodiversity conservation zone.
The climate of the region is relatively humid due to the fact that the Mountain prevents cool air from entering the valley, and the presence of the 9 Bend River meandering through its valleys. Living within this subtropical paradise is an almost uncountable number of species of flora and fauna. Many of the plant species living on the Mountain are considered relics of a bygone age, no longer found anywhere else on the planet. The wildlife is equally as spectacular. An estimated 5000 reptile, amphibian and insect species call the protected area home. Like the plant life, many of these creatures are found nowhere else on earth. To say the region is breathtakingly pristine is an understatement.